La dignidad de un pollo (A chicken’s dignity)
La dignidad de un pollo (A chicken’s dignity) is the title of this advert, which was broadcast for the first time in 1929 and was created by the film studio Emérita Films for Catalana de Gas y Electricidad (currently Naturgy).
- William Murdock
- DPA 1041 field telephone
This item forms part of the fund of electrical elements and material from the Naturgy Foundation collection, which was incorporated following the merging of Gas Natural and Unión Fenosa in 2011. It is a portable telephone, also called a field telephone as it was mainly designed to replace telegraphs in wartime communications and to coordinate military movements.
- Curling iron
The fund of the Naturgy Foundation protects iconic gas appliances such as this hair curling tool. It is ingenious in two parts: on the one hand, the base that has a permanent flame thanks to gas, and on the other hand, the pegs or tongs that curl the hair to give it the desired effect. This tool became very popular in bourgeois households in Paris in the early 20th century, the period when the art nouveau movement emerged.
- Double measuring device
From the second decade of the 20th century, electricity was converted into a first-rate energy source and its growth was unstoppable, decisively affecting the mechanisation of the growing industry and featuring prominently in public street lighting in cities. This item preserved in the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum collection is a multiple measuring device formed by an ammeter and a voltmeter.
- The articles of association of the company Sociedad Catalana para el Alumbrado por Gas
The articles of association of the company Sociedad Catalana para el Alumbrado por Gas, the company that gave rise to the current Gas Natural Fenosa, is one of the jewels in the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation historical archive. In 1841, the Barcelona Council granted the city’s gas street lighting to French industrialist Charles Lebon after a tender process. Gas technology was already in operation in London and Paris and as a result of using this energy, these European cities led a stark social transformation.
- Philishave Electric Shaver
The item from the Gas Museum collection that we present today is one of the most popular electric shaving machines from the 1960s, the Philishave. This item does not form part of the original Catalana de Gas collection and was recently added to the museum collection alongside other noticeable items from the electricitysector that complete the selection of objects that are preserved.
- Gas stove Le Standard I
- Gas oven ``Le Cornue``. Rôtisseuse / Pâtissière
The history of cooking is closely related to the technological evolution of food cooking equipment.The “Le Cornue” oven, which was invented and patented by Frenchman Albert Dupuy, was a true revolution in the cooking market.
- Commemorative chest of the centenary of Catalan Gas and Electricity, S.A.
A large number of similar objects are preserved among the original items in the collection. This one was chosen over all the others to celebrate the centenary of the creation of the company in 1843.
- Vectrix VX1 electric motorcycle
The “Energy of the future” section at the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum presents an example of the Vectrix VX1 scooter, a motorcycle that works with electric batteries. In the electric motor sector in Spain, these vehicles were pioneers in using new energy models in transport.
- Parabolic heat
This item, which is preserved in the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum collection, is a heater and its function was to heat a room by gas combustion. Several models evolved from this piece of equipment. The first heaters were closed and did not have a system to remove the combustion gases.
- Model of gasometer M. A. N.
This item from the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum collection is a model of the gasometer installed in the Sant Martí de Provençals (Barcelona) gas factory, which was put in operation on 16 January 1940. Colloquially, the gasometer was known as the M.A.N. because these initials correspond to the German company employed to install them, Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg, A. G.
- Timer clock ``Le réveil magique``
The “Le Réveil Magique”, timer, which is preserved in the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum collection, is an invention that helped automate when the gas lampposts in cities were turned off and on at the start of the 20th century. Before using this gas appliance, the lighting and extinguishing task was assigned to the lamplighters.
- Gas autoclave
The Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum collection preserves a gas autoclave that shows the progress in the medical sector. It is an invention that served to sterilise sanitary material using water vapour. This item is the smallest of its kind and because of its size, it is believed to have been used to sterilise surgical material, possibly needles and other small sanitary products.
- Hydraulic type demonstration counter
When gas reached homes in the early 20th century, devices were created to measure the gas consumption of the subscribers. Manufacturers created demonstration units such as this one, which has been preserved in the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum. This type of unit was used in shops and homes to check how efficient and accurate energy consumption was. The device shown in this article was the hydraulic sort and was manufactured in Paris by the Compagnie pour la Fabrication des Compteurs et Matériel d’Usines à Gaz, one of the most important companies in the gas sector of France at the time.
- Gas hat moulder
The gas hat moulder, which is preserved in the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum collection, was manufactured by H. Maillard in Paris at the end of the 19th century. This item, a witness to the modernisation of the hat industry, enabled the manufacturing of different styles of accessory, which revolutionised the history of fashion and clothes. This particular invention, which still has its patent number embossed on the upper part, perfected the handmade craft of manufacturing hats.
- The Cantilever
The Cantilever was a device for enlarging photos designed and manufactured by inventor William Hume in Edinburgh, in 1890. This gas appliance, which is preserved in the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum collection, enabled images to be enlarged to project them onto a surface or to print them on photography paper. It was used in the fields of photography, art, design, architecture and engineering, among others.
- Percolator. Coffee maker for the hotel industry
The coffee percolator is a gas appliance from the early 20th century that was manufactured for use in hotels in the French city of Avignon. The recipient on the left of this coffee maker contained water that was heated by the lower parts using an intense gas flame.
- Corberó number III stove
Cooker manufactured by the company Corberó in 1930. An object like this, which was used to for cooking or heating in a faster, more secure way, was easily introduced in homes because of its very affordable price.
- Water heater
- Nut toaster
Today, it is great that just one electrical appliance provides us with the utmost versatility, but years before these were not frequent and many pieces of equipment with just one specific function were used.
- Model 88 “Art Nouveau” radiator
We present a radiator from the collection. This is a unique and very beautiful model that appeared in the 1905 catalogue of Garnier & Cie de Lyon under the name “Radiateur ‘Art Noveau’”.
- The Bray lamppost
This lamppost is unique in the world of lampposts. For many this is a rarity because they are unaware that these used to be used around the country. They illuminated public spaces in various European and North American cities.
- Gas iron
The Gas Museum collection treasures a large number of irons, but the one we present today is the only one that still has the tube connecting it to the gas network, so it is a very special item.
- Gas meter
This is an example of a paid gas meter from the early 20th century. You can find this gas meter in the cabinet of floor -1 at the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation Gas Museum, where it is permanently exhibited.
- Gas fan
This model was not marketed and sold, but it was presented to the company in the early 20th century by an engineering student. It originates from the Egyptians and Ancients Greeks as an object with a palmette shape.
- Torre de las Aguas model
This model replicates one of the most iconic Gas Natural Fenosa buildings. It was constructed by Jordi Miñana, a worker for the company and typesetter by profession. It was handed over in April 1993.
- Astra Calculator
This object, despite appearing to be obsolete today, was a revolution for calculators in its day. It is a manually adapted calculator, the centre is made from iron and the shell from black Bakelite.
- Table lamp
- Enamelled steel double stoves
- Industrial coffee machine, bain-marie